Cells Intracellular Targets Staining for Flow Cytometry

2018-08-02Author:adminpraise:0

Introduction

A modification of the basic immunofluorescent staining and flow cytometric analysis can be used for simultaneous analysis of surface molecules and intracellular antigens at the single-cell level by flow cytometry. Typically, cells are fixed with formaldehyde to stabilize the cell membrane, then permeabilized with detergent or ethanol to allow antibodies against intracellular antigens, to access to stain intracellularly.


Protocol-- intracellular (cytoplasmic) proteins


1. Prepare cells

      More detail you can view Sample Preparation for Flow Cytometry

(1). Collect cells, filtere through a 200-mesh sieve and collect the filtrate.Centrifuge at 300 g for 5 min, and discard the supernatant.

(2). Add cell staining buffer(or PBS with 1% BSA)  to resuspend the sample.


2. Cell Counting

After counting the suspension with a hemocytometer or other instruments, adjust the cell concentration to about 1 × 107/mL.


3. Set Sample and Control

Groups

Tubes

Controls

Blank

Single staining control

Isotype control

FMO

Biological control

Sample

Experimental sample



4. Block Fc Receptor

Block Fc receptors may reduce nonspecific immunofluorescent staining.

For Mouse cells: purified Anti-Mouse CD16/CD32 antibody specific for FcγR III/II can be used to block nonspecific staining of antibodies. Thus, block Fc receptors by pre-incubating cells with 0.5-1µg Anti-Mouse CD16/CD32 in 100 µL volume for 10 min at room temperature.

For Human and Rat cells: Pre-incubate the cells with excess irrelevant purified Ig from the same species and same isotype as the antibodies used for immunofluorescent staining or serums from the same species as the antibody used.


5. Cell Surface Staining

     (1). Add 5 μL corresponding antibody to each sample tube except blank.

     (2). Incubate at 4°C for 30 min in the dark.


6. Fixation and Permeabilization

     (1). Dilute Fixation and Permeabilization Solution according to the manual.

     (2). Add 1 mL cell staining buffer(or PBS with 1% BSA) to each tube, centrifuge at 300 g for 5 min, and discard the supernatant.

     (3). Add 100 μL cell staining buffer(or PBS with 1% BSA) to resuspend the sample.

     (4). Add 1 mL 1× Fixation Working Solution to each tube, mix gently.

     (5). Incubate at 4°C for 30 min in the dark.

     (6). Centrifuge at 600 g for 5 min, and discard the supernatant.

     (7). Add 2 mL 1× Permeabilization Working Solution to each tube, mix gently.

     (8). Centrifuge at 600 g for 5 min, and discard the supernatant.

     (9). Repeat (7)(8) one more time.


7. Cell Intracellular Staining

     (1). Add 100 μL 1× Permeabilization Working Solution to each tube, resuspend the sample.

     (2). Add 5 μL corresponding antibody to the tube required.

     (3). Incubate at RT for 30 min in the dark.

     (4). Add 1× Permeabilization Working Solution to each tube, resuspend the sample.

     (5). Centrifuge at 600 g for 5 min, and discard the supernatant.


8. Detection

     (1). Add 200 μL cell staining buffer(or PBS with 1% BSA) to resuspend the sample.

     (2). Adjust instrument parameters,detection.