Residues and Contaminants

Veterinary drugs are substances used to treat and prevent disease in animals and thus have the potential to enter the food chain through their occurrence as residues in food.Animals may also be exposed to a range of other chemicals such as chemical contaminants. Consumers can potentially be exposed to residues via consumption of food from animals treated with veterinary medicines or exposed to chemical contaminants.This includes meat and meat products derived from the main food as well as farmed fish, milk, eggs, honey and game.

In order to meet the strict regulations in place around the world regarding prohibited Contaminants and Residues limits, Elabscience® provides high-quality testing kits to detect veterinary residues and food contaminants for researchers and farmers, including ELISA kits and rapid test kits (Lateral Flow Assay Kit).

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Category of Residues and Contaminants


Sulfonamides (sulfa drugs) are a group of medicines used to treat bacterial infections. Most sulfonamides are antibiotics, but some are prescribed for treating ulcerative colitis.

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Quinolone antibiotics including the organofluorine compounds such as ofloxacin (Floxin), norfloxacin (Noroxin), ciprofloxacin (Cipro), and moxifloxacin (Avelox) are widely used worldwide.

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Beta-agonists are bronchodilator medicines that open the airways by relaxing the muscles around the airways that may tighten during an asthma attack or in COPD.

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The nitrofuran drugs like furazolidone are known for their therapeutic value in the treatment of trypanosomiasis, giardiasis and urinary tract infections in humans and animals.

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Tetracycline is used to treat infections caused by bacteria including pneumonia and other respiratory tract infections. It is also used along with other medications to treat acne.

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Aminoglycosides are potent, broad-spectrum antibiotics that act through inhibition of protein synthesis. They can be used to treat serious infections caused by bacteria.

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Chloramphenicols are bacteriostatics because of whose capability to inhibit protein synthesis. They are widely used for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis and meningitis.

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There are a wide variety of veterinary drug residues and contaminants that have been considered as a global food safety challenge.

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Potential sources of contamination in the consumable food


1.Food systems play an important role in the development and spread of AMR(Antimicrobial resistance).

2.The presence of AMR microorganisms in agricultural production systems and food chains is a potential route of exposure for everyone.

3.Good hygiene practices in agriculture, fundamental in achieving food safety, are also key in addressing AMR.

4.Surveillance for AMR and antimicrobial use in primary food production environments is crucial to obtain data necessary fo risk assessment and risk management.

MPs: Manufacturing practices,GRAS: Generally recognized as safe, MAP: Modified atmosphere packaging

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